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Great Wall of the Northern Wei Dynasty

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The years from 420 to 589 was the reign of The Northern and Southern Dynasties. The phratries of Qi, Song, Chen and Liang together formed the The Northern and Southern Dynasties. This was the period when the Eastern Wei, Northern Wei, the Northern Zhou, and the Northern Qi were built and the Great Wall was extended.

Great Wall of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534)

In 386 the Wei Dynasty was established. It was established by Tuoba Gui, the tribal chief of the people of Xianbei. The Xianbei tribe was the largest and important nomadic tribe of northern China. The Wei Dynasty was later called the Northern Wei. It was during this time when the Rouran tribe situated north of Northern Wei became very powerful. To check their growing influence, the Northern Wei Dynasty built the wall and fortified its northern boundary to forestall intrusion of the Rouran.

Great Wall of the Northern Wei Dynasty commenced from Chicheng County of Hebei Province, ran through the north of Shanxi Province and finally ended in Wuyuan County of Inner Mongolia.

In a fierce encounter at the Yellow River, Emperor Taiwudi, who was the ruler of Northern Wei, defeated the Rourans. The protect Pingcheng City, capital of the Northern Wei he established six important garrisons north of the Great Wall.

 

Sai Wei known as the inner Wall which was made of earth and was of low height and thin than the Great Wall was also built by The Northern Wei , to add on to the Great Wall. It was constructed to defend Pingcheng City. It stretched for about 500 kilometers. Starting from present Shanxi Province, along the boundary of Shanxi and Hebei provinces and it touched the Tianzhen County of Shanxi Province, encircled Datong City and culminated at the eastern shore of the Yellow River.

The Great Wall of China is one of the wonders of the world. Know more about this spectacular Great Wall of the Northern Wei Dynasty at 123Chinese NewYear.




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