Chinese are known to be an ardent lover of food, especially good food. You can find a whole lot of different varieties of Chinese dishes ranging from region to region. "Eating is the utmost important part of life", the great Confucius once uttered these words. Chinese people have been influenced by these words to a great extent. May be that is why the Chinese food recipes are prepared keeping in mind the happiness, harmony, prosperity and welfare of a person.
We have collected information about some of the common and famous Chinese food of its various regions and have compiled it for you.
Symbolic Chinese New Year food :
- The main food of Chinese New Year dinner comprises mainly of seafood and dumplings. The varied items include prawns (denoting liveliness), dried oysters (indicating all good things), raw fish salad (depicts good luck), "fai-hai" (showing prosperity) and dumplings (Wishing recovery of a long-lost good wish for family).
- With such delicious and fulfilling food in Chinese New year, the celebrations simply help to wipe off evil spirits and avoid the negativities attached.
- Traditional Chinese New Year Food denotes wealth, good luck, good health and long life for all those who are sitting together at the table.
- The food at Chinese New Year denotes the age old beliefs, which had been in use for long. Traditional Chinese New Year Food like dumplings, spring Rolls, chicken or similar other dishes could bring good wishes for the coming year.
- The Chinese New year food is highly symbolized by a full chicken which denotes family togetherness and strengthens the bond.
- There are loads of other traditional food items which are a delight to eat and more special because of the symbolism that they portray. During New year, serving noodles is an age-old practice, denoting wishes for a long life.
- The Chinese does not cut the noodles but prefer serving uncut noodles as a traditional belief as they think cutting the noodles can bring bad luck along with it. The other item on the New Year menu is clams and spring rolls, which definitely is a good taste bud amplifier and at the same time brings along with it wealth.
- Fruits are also served in abundance on Chinese New Year, important of them being oranges and tangerines. Also believed to be a symbol of wealth and luck, fruits on New Year does carry special significance.
- The other important food item of Chinese New Year is fish – representing abundance. Having food together on Chinese New Year with all these symbolic food items is surely a delight as per the Chinese traditions. All these Chinese New year foods bring about a sense of togetherness and bonding among all family members.
- Not only starters and main food items, there are deserts that are also served on this Chinese New year occasion. There is a range of sweet and steamed cakes (like sticky rice cake) and varied other sweet treats, denoting good things from all corners of life in the year to come.
The northern part of China includes places like Beijing, the capital city of China.
In the northern part of China, wheat forms an important part of the Chinese food. Thus you will find many dishes having wheat as their ingredients like pancakes, noodles, dumplings and steamed breads. Another favorite Chinese dish of the people residing in this part of the world is the Beijing Duck. Many Chinese dishes make use of the seafood like shark's fin, scallops, oysters porgy and conch.
The Cantonese Cuisine
The Cantonese cuisine is known for importance given by it to the maintenance of the natural flavor, texture and color of the ingredients of the food. One major ingredient of the Cantonese cuisine is the sauce like plum sauce, oyster sauce and the shrimp paste. The Cantonese are said to have a fascination for anything that moves like snakes, weasels, dogs, cats, pangolins and the bear paws.
The eastern part of China includes areas, which are fertile, and hence the eastern cuisine is enriched with the use of seafood and the vegetables. Typical Chinese food in this part comprise of the crab-roe dumplings, Mandarin fish, deep-fried whitebait and Lion's Head meatballs. Another specialty of the eastern cuisine is the Beggar's Chicken, which is prepared by stuffing the chicken with pork, vegetables and spices and then cooking the chicken in clay.
Chinese Dumpling Recipe
- 200 g butter
- 500 g sticky rice flour
- 200 g black sesame powder
- 250 g sugar
- 1 tsp wine
- Water, as needed
- Blend the butter with sesame powder, sugar, and wine and heat the mixture a little bit
- Make small balls from the mixture. Take 1/2 cup of sticky rice flour.
- Pour water into the flour and make flattened dough.
- Cook the dough in boiled water and then after taking the dough out let it cool down.
- Then place it in the rest of the sticky rice flour. Pour water and knead until the dough is smooth.
- Make the dough into small pieces.
- Shape it like a ball by hands first and then make a hole in the ball.
- Then add the sesame ball into it and close it up.
- Cook them in boiled water and keep stirring in one direction while cooking.
- When they start floating on the water, continue to boil for one minute in less heat.
- Boneless, skinless chicken, cut in large chunks
- 1/4 cup of chicken broth
- 1 small zucchini, cut into chunks
- 2 tsp. minced garlic
- 1/3 cup of cornstarch
- 1 tbsp. soya sauce
- 1 tbsp. rice wine
- 1 tbsp. chopped green onion
- 1 tsp. oyster sauce
- 1/4 tsp. hot pepper paste
- 3 tbsp. rice vinegar
- 1 -2 tbsp. cornstarch mixed with 1 -1/2 tbsp. water
- 1 tsp. sesame oil
- Cut the chicken into small pieces and coat it with cornstarch and keep it aside.
- Cut the zucchini on a shallow diagonal about 1" wide.
- After that roll the zuchhini halfway and slice to form chunks that are shaped like trapezoids.
- Blend garlic and green onion in a small dish. Mix the ingredients like broth, oyster sauce, soy sauce, hot pepper sauce, wine, and vinegar in a small bowl.
- In a small glass mix cornstarch with water.
- Heat the cooking pan over high heat for two to four minutes.
- Add vegetable oil; heat until it is very hot.
- Put the chicken in the pan and stir to break it up.
- Fry until the chicken pieces turn golden brown.
- Transfer chicken to a strainer so the small pieces and the oil gets filtered away.
- Place the pan back on high heat for few seconds.
- Put garlic mixture and fry.
- Add zucchini to it and toss a minute over high heat.
- Pour the sauce mixture and bring to a boil.
- Put cornstarch and boil until the mixture is thickened.
- Put chicken and sesame oil and heat through.
Chinese Fried Rice
- 1 cups white rice
- 1 bunch of spring onion
- 2 chopped carrots
- 1 green capsicum chopped
- 100 grams fresh beans
- 100 grams cabbage
- 1 tbsp vinegar
- 1 tbsp soya sauce
- ˝ tsp Ajenomoto
- 1 tsp white pepper powder
- Salt to taste
- 2 tbsp of oil
- Cook rice with little salt till tender
- Peel and cut carrots, beans, spring onions, capsicum, and cabbage into small pieces
- Heat oil, add diced vegetables and fry in the sauce pan for 6-7 minutes
- Add Ajenomoto, soya sauce and vinegar and stir
- Cook for another minute
- Add rice and mix well and continuously sauté in medium heat
- Top with scrambled eggs with salt or small pieces of chicken fried with little salt.
- Serve hot
- 400 grams fresh noodles
- 5-6 cups of water
- 1 tbsp salt
- 2 tsp garlic paste
- 1 cup thinly sliced veg (cabbage, carrot, beans, capsicum)
- 1 large onion thinly sliced
- 1 tsp soya sauce
- 4 tsp oil
- 2 stalk Celery (sliced)
- 1 tbsp vinegar
- 1 tsp chilli sauce
- ˝ tsp Ajenomoto
- Boil water with some salt and little oil
- Add noodles and cook
- Drain immediately and cool under running water till noodles are thoroughly cooled
- Mix 1 tbsp oil into the Noodles and onions over high heat till onions are glossy
- Add the veg and stir to mix well
- Add soya sauce, salt, celery, vinegar and chilli sauce
- Mix well and add noodles and stir fry till mixed well
- Cook all this on high flame
- Serve hot