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Ancient Chinese New Year

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Chinese New Year is the longest and most important festivity in the Lunar Calendar. The origin of Chinese New Year is itself centuries old and gains significance due to several myths and traditions. Ancient Chinese New Year is a reflection on how the people behaved and what did they believe in the most. One of the most famous beliefs associated with the Ancient Chinese New Year gains importance due to the myth of Nian, which in modern Chinese solely signifies year.

Nian was the name of a ferocious beast that started to devour people the night before the beginning of a new year.According to the Chinese age old customs, Nian had a very big mouth that would swallow dozens of people with one bite. Therefore, people were very scared of this cruel beast.

One day, an old man came to their rescue and told Nian that , "I hear say that you are very capable, but can you swallow the other beasts of prey on earth instead of people who are by no means of your worthy opponents?" After these words the old man was riding the beast Nian and was never seen again. Before the old man left, he had advised each and every household to paste red paper decorations on their windows and doors to lit the torches, and to set off the firecrackers at each year's end to keep away Nian.

Because Nian feared the color red, the light of fire, and loud noises. The old man turned out to be the supreme reality, an omnipotent existence THE GOD. Early the next morning, as thoughts of victory and renewal fill the ambience at effectively keeping Nian away for another year, the most heard greeting was Guo Nian, which signifies "Survive the Nian" and has become today "Celebrate the New Year"

There is no fixed date for Chinese New Year as it is celebrated in accordance with the lunar calendar. The Lunar calendar is based on the time the moon takes to go around the Earth. The origin of the Chinese New Year Calendar is deeply rooted in age old traditions, dating from 2600BC when the Emperor Huang Ti introduced the first cycle of the zodiac. The Chinese Lunar Calendar is based on the cyclical dating that is governed by the track record of the new moon. One of the most important characteristics of Chinese New Year Calendar is that it names each of the twelve years after an animal. Tradition says that Lord Buddha had called for all the animals to come to him before he departed from the earth. But only twelve animals came to offer him farewell and as a token Lord Buddha named a year after each of the twelve animals in the order they arrived. According to the popular Chinese myth the animal ruling the year in which a person is born tremendously influences his or her behavior and traits.

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